The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development provides a comprehensive and universal framework, comprising 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and 169 targets to be achieved by all countries by 2030.
The 2030 Agenda can potentially be used to address indigenous peoples’ needs and priorities. The Agenda is explicitly grounded in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other international human rights treaties. It reflects elements of civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights, which are critical to implementing indigenous peoples’ rights and development. Likewise, the commitment to “leaving no one behind” is a reflection of the fundamental human rights principle of non-discrimination, and of key importance for making the Agenda relevant for indigenous peoples.
The Agenda stipulates that follow-up and review (FUR) processes should be open, inclusive, participatory and transparent and support reporting by all relevant stakeholders. States are encouraged to conduct regular and inclusive reviews of progress at the national and sub-national levels, which should explicitly draw on contributions from indigenous peoples, among others (See: UN General Assembly, Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development par. 72-91.)
The two main challenges for adequately monitoring whether indigenous peoples benefit from the SDGs are that:
- Indigenous peoples are not specifically mentioned or addressed in any of the global indicators adopted by the UN Statistical Commission to monitor the SDGs
- Most countries do not disaggregate data with regards to indigenous identity although progress is seen in some regions and countries. Hence, indigenous peoples remain invisible in many official statistics.
Community-based monitoring is one way of generating the data needed to close the information gaps and achieve the evidence base needed for robust implementation of the SDGs.
Therefore, the Indigenous Navigator tools are designed to guide and monitor the implementation of the SDGs for indigenous peoples, as follows:
The Indigenous Peoples Sustainable Development Matrix illustrates the links between the SDGs and the UNDRIP.
It is a tool to:
- Use UNDRIP to guide and design the specific strategies and programmes that are necessary to reach the SDGs for indigenous peoples.
- Show how the data collected to monitor UNDRIP through the Indigenous Navigator can also be used to monitor implementation of the SDGs
The Indigenous Peoples Indicators Framework provides a comprehensive set of indicators to monitor all aspects of the UNDRIP
The Indicators Framework includes a number of the global indicators adopted to measure the implementation of the SDGs. When collecting data against these indicators in their communities, indigenous peoples can:
- Measure the level of implementation of the SDGs in their community
- Measure discrepancies in the level of implementation of the SDGs in their communities as compared to other sections of the national population, and thereby document gaps and patterns of discrimination.
Where Nation Statistics provide disaggregated data on indigenous peoples, the Navigator Tools can help systematize the analysis of these data and use them to inform and guide SDG policies, strategies and programmes at national, regional and global levels. Such data can also be included in reports to national, regional and international human rights bodies, for example to report discrimination and seek remedy.
A recent publication provides basic information about the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, its background and links to indigenous peoples' rights and aspirations, and its opportunities and challenges for indigenous peoples.
It guides to how indigenous peoples can engage in sustainable development processes to assert and fulfill their right to self-determined development and contribute to the achievement of sustainable development for all.
⇒ Download your copy of "Leaving no one behind - Practical Guide for Indigenous Peoples. (pdf. Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact, 2017).